MS and Post Graduate Diploma Programme (PGD) in Medical Entomology and disease Vector Control (MEDVC)

The MS and PGD in MEDVC are offered by the Health Services Academy,both the courses are approved by the Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. The degree is awarded by the Auaid-i-Azam University MS is a two year course programme, while PGD is one year Programme. Both courses are administered by the Health Services Academy (HSA) of Cabinet Division with support from the World Health Organization (WHO) and USAID.

 GOAL OF PROGRAMME :

Pakistan, other neighboring and Regional countries are suffering from a hosts of vector-borne diseases such as Malaria, leishmaniasis, plague, Dengue, DHF, CCHF and other arboviruses that keep resurging or re-emerging, causing morbidity, mortality and disability. But unfortunately Pakistan and other neighboring countries are experiencing an acute shortage of qualified people to plan and manage disease vector control programmes at all administrative levels of health. In case of Pakistan this training programme nicely fits into the priority need for training arrangement for the vector control staff that are being recruited by the Ministry of Health, Pakistan, for each of the district (136 districts of the four Provinces) under the recent national strategy and planning. On technical basis it is estimated that each district needs at least 2 vector control staff. Therefore, this training course needs to be run for at least ten years to fill the existing gap of trained manpower in this specialized field The goal of this course is to fill this gap by training qualified students in the area of MEDVC. Graduates from this course will initially go into operational disease vector control programmes in Pakistan at each District level. The critical mass of experts produced will also fill the gap of nonexisting indigenous applied research in Pakistan and some of them will go for higher degree studies and teaching positions. 

Objectives of the Programme.
  • Upon completion, the graduates of the Medical Entomology and Disease Vector Control should be able to:

  • Identify major vector-borne diseases and the vector species/pests responsible for transmission

  • Plan, implement, monitor and evaluate vector control programmes based on integrated vector and disease management approaches in accordance with the prevailing epidemiological, social and economic conditions.

  • Apply acquired knowledge in the control and prevention of vector-borne diseases in the country.

  • This will be achieved thought acquisition of matrix of skills acquired from seven modules including.

  • Knowledge of the major vectors and vector-borne diseases of relevance to the Region;

  • Skills to conduct entomologicalsurveillance and operational research;

  • Knowledge on the principle of epidemiological investigations of vector-borne diseases;

  • Skills in disease control programme managements;

  • Skills to develop vector control strategies bases on the principle of integrated vector and disease management;

  • Skills to facilitate and train others, and effectively documents and disseminate information on entomology and vector control;

Programme Organization and Structure for MS Programme

The intensive curriculum emphasizes basic principles of disease vector transmission and epidemiology with a focus on epidemiological/entomological investigations, vector control methods and programme planning, monitoring, evaluation and management. The course programme will be conducted in a modular form building upon and integrating with each other in a total of 13 Modules organized in four semesters running for a total of 24 month period as follows.

Semesters 

First Semester:

The semester will start with a one week orientation period for all students. During this time students will be introduced to the Health Services Academy and its staffModule no 1 (DVC-301): Fundamentals of Medical Entomology, Vector bionomics and vector borne disease:

1. Module no 2 (DVC-302): Introduction and Entomological Investigations.

2. Module no 3 (DVC-303): Entomological Investigations: Application and analysis.

3. Module no 4 (DVC-304): Vector control: Introduction to control tools and techniques.

4. Module no 5 (DVC-305): Methodology and analysis of Vector control.

Second Semester 

  • Module no 6 (DVC-306): Epidemiological Investigations and Statistics

  • Module no 7 (DVC-307) Field training I: Malaria and Dengue vectors, Surveillance and data collection.

  • Module no 8 (DVC-308): Field training II: Leishmaniasis vectors, Data analysis and report writing

  • Module no 9 (DVC-309): Principle of Programme Management:

Third Semester

  • Module no 10 (DVC-310): Synopsis and thesis writing .

  • Module no 11 (DVC-311): Multi sectoral and sustainable approaches for integrated disease vector management.

  • Module no 12 (DVC-312): Research project and Dissertation.

Fourth Semester

  • Module no 13 (DVC-313): Practicum (On-the-job assignment)

Programme Organization and Structure for Post graduate Diploma Programme.

First week will be orientation period for all students. During this time students will be introduced to the various aspects of programme, the Health Services Academy and its staff.

The one year course will comprise of seven modules.

Module 1: Vectors and Vector-borne Diseases.

Module 2: Epidemiological Investigations and Statistics.

Module 3: Entomological Investigations

Module 4: Vector Control - principles of vector control: methods and approaches

Module 5: Essential Principles of Programme Management.

Second Semester 

Module 6: Field training (2 months)

Based on 13 Modules:

The MEDVC programme extends up to twenty four (24) months comprising four semesters. The first two semesters are dedicated to course work, culminating in an end-of-semester examination. In the third semester, the examination is held by mid-semester, and the remaining time is to be used to complete student dissertations. During the first three semesters, students are expected to attend all classes at the HSA; however, during the fourth semester, they may return to a job environment and carry out an on-the-job assignment as part of their practicum and submit a short written report and an appraisal from the immediate supervisor/mentor. All semesters are followed by semester break of up to four weeks' duration. In the third semester all students have to conduct a field project leading to a dissertation. The total programme consists of 60 credits. One credit is equivalent to 16-18 hours of formal teaching/contact hours or 48-54 hours of practical fieldwork. Practical fieldwork is defined as consisting of individual fieldwork, group fieldwork, field visits, individual assignments and class exercises. English is the medium of instruction and examination for the MEDVC programme.

 Programme Duration, Credits and Medium of Instruction for PGD

The first two semesters (module 1-5) will be dedicated to course work. In the end of each semester a written examination will be held. During this time all students are expected to attend all classes at the Health Services Academy. This will be followed by Module 6, a 2 months of supervised field training in second semester. During the second semester students are also expected to identify (with the support of a faculty member) and conduct a 3-4 months project leading to a dissertation. The total course programme consists of 60 credits. One credit is equivalent to 16-18 hours of formal teaching/contact hours or 48-54 hours of practical field work. Practical fieldwork is defined as consisting of individual fieldwork, group fieldwork, field visits, individual assignments and class exercise. English is the medium of instruction and examination for the Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Entomology and Disease Vector Control programme.

Semester-wise Distribution for MS 
The distribution of the courses in the three semesters is given in the following tables. 
Modules 
Credits 
DVC-301 Fundamentals of Medical entomology, Vector bionomics and vector borne diseases
3
DVC-302 Introduction and Entomological Investigation 
3
 DVC-303 Entomological investigation: Application and analysis
3
DVC-304 Vector control: Introduction to Control tools & techniques
3
DVC-305 Methodology and analysis of Vector Control
3
Semester II: Credits 16(All Core Courses)
ModuleCredit
DVC-306 Epidemiological investigation and Statistics 
4
DVC-307 Field training I: Malaria & Dengue Vectors, Surveillance and data Collection 
4
DVC-308 Field training II: Leishmaniasis vectors, Data analysis & report writing 
4
DVC-309 Principle of Program management
4
Semester III: Credits 16(Core [c] as well as Elective* [e] Courses)
DVC-310 Synopsis and thesis writing 
3
DVC-311 Multi sectoral and sustainable approaches for integrated disease Vector management
3
DVC-312 Research Project and Dissertation 
10

Semester IV: Credits 12 (Practicum)

Module
Credits
DVC-313 Practicum (On-the-job assignment)
12